Canada's Matthew Hughes has learnt the hard way what it's like to be on the receiving end of the shrewdest Kenyan tactics, as the African runners denied him a medal in the 3000m steeplechase on Friday.
Hughes looked set to claim Commonwealth Games bronze in the men's race and stop Kenya's sixth consecutive clean sweep in the event, but not even a dramatic dive over the line could prevent a fourth place.
He was pipped at the post by Amos Kirui, who completed his country's 1-2-3 behind gold medallist Conseslus Kipruto and silver medallist Abraham Kibiwott.
In similar style to his Rio Olympics gold-medal display, Kipruto was effervescent as ever, showboating through the final 100m and waving to the crowd in a manner not unlike his similarly flamboyant predecessor, Ezekiel Kemboi.
He broke the Games record anyway, while adding Commonwealth gold to his world and Olympic titles.
More intriguing was that the 23-year-old managed it despite sacrificing some time to urge on his countrymen. Kipruto turned around several times to check Kibiwott was still with him.
And on the home straight the pair exchanged words as they checked on the status of Kirui, who ran down a gutsy Hughes in the final moments.
"We planned, it's a tactical game," Kipruto said. "I told them in the warm-up, 'I am not going to leave you guys behind'.
"I was controlling the race and ... was always looking back and seeing where the guys were.
"After the last water jump I called the second guy and was waiting to see the back guy coming because I knew the Canada guy was tired.
"If I had left them behind they might not have pushed."
The spectacle continued when Hughes realised he'd been bettered by Kirui and dived head first over the line.
"I've never done that before in my entire life - it was instinct ... but I knew he was in front of me," said Hughes, who was irate his plan to upset Kenya's dominance had failed by such a small margin.
"I'm sick and tired of coming here... my mentality was rewrite the script... the Kenyans just come in here and do whatever they want and nobody tries to mess up their plans.
"I've been in amazing shape every single year and now I watch these three guys jog around the track."